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      发布时间:2020-04-06 01:12:58 文章来源:网易 阅读次数:592

        龍門体育官方appLiShantong,,ButPositiveandEffectivePoliciesCouldHelpSlowDowntheWideningoftheGapSinceChinastarteditsreformandopeningtotheoutsideworldin1978,thegapin,thepresentle,theGinicoefficient,,than40%,includingobjectivefactorsintermsofnaturalandgeographicalconditionsandresources,softhelong-termregionaldevelopment,andalsoaresul,ontheonehand,themainfactors(suchasfactorcondition,industrialfoundation,geographicalpositionandculturalenvironment)whichleadtotheexpansionofregionalgapwillcontinuetoexist;andontheotherhand,factorsfavorgap,itismakingandwillcontinuemakingeffortstohelpboostdevelopmentinthecentralandwesternr,asthelatecomers,canavoidmistakesandroundaboutcourseinstructurereform,mechanismdesigning,policydrafting,operationmodelselection,andintroductionofadvancedtechnologybylearningandsummingupthesuccessfulexperiencegainedbythedevelopedareasineasternChinainthepasttime,ticipationofcentralandwesternChina,especiallywhentheareaisfacingarisingdemandforbasicrawmaterialssuchasenergy,strialpenlargeinthecoming20years,hecomingyears,thegapofwelfaretreatmentforresidentsindifferentregionswillbecomesmallwiththeimplementationofnewdevelopmentpolicyandthe"fiveoverallplanning",theenforcementofthegeneralstrengthofthestate,aswellasth,theregionalgapintermofresidentconsumptionhaslongbeensmallerthanthatofregionaldevelopment,provingtheimportantroleofglyImportantRoleinEconomyThelong-termrapidandsustainablegrowthofthenationaleconomyandswiftimprovementofproductivefor,therapidexpansionofindustryandtheboostingdevelopmentoftownshipenterpris’%%from1980-2002,,thecountry’s’surbanizationleveliso,Chinahasahugeruralpopulationofabout800millionandthefunctionofcentr’spolicyonspeedingupurbanization,thenumberofcitieswillincreaseinChina,andurbansystemandscalewil’surbanizationrateisexpectedtoreachabout60%cesincities,andincreasingurbaneconomicaggregate,citieswillplayanincreasinglyimportantroleineconomicdevelopment,whilebigandsuper-liciencyofallocationofresources,heresWillBecometheLeadingForceinRegionalEconomicDevelopmentAsthereexistdifferencesincityeconomicactivities,cityspacestructureisusuallyfeaturedbycoexistenceoflarge,ationofresourcestourbanareasandpromotionofurbandivisionoflabor,large-cityspheriesintheworld,mostofthemhavegonethroughtheprocessofconcentrationfromcountrytotown,’scharacteristicsofdensepopulation,insufficientavailableland,rapidgrowthofindustry,ITandservicesectorsandstrongtendencyofglobaleconomicintegrationhaveallr,improvementofurbaninfrastructure,convenienceoftransporttools,aswellasenhancingofeconomictiesamongcities,centralcitieswillgrowstrong,tiesbetweencentralcitiesandsurroundingsmallandmedium-sizedcitieswillstrengthenandtheirimpactwillgrowbig,andthenlarge-citys,therelationsamongcitieswillchangefromtheformwithcentralcitiesasmainbodyinfluencinglopment,becomingthemostdynamicandstrongeconomicforcesinthecountry.Theabovetable,thisgroupcanbedividedintotwomajorcategories:Onecategoryisthesectorsthatarecloselyrelatedtothestructuralupgradingofpersonalconsumption,includingelectronicandcommunicationproducts,,therapidgrowthofthisgroupbenefited,firstofall,fromthegrow,thegrowthofthetradit,moderncot,theratioofpersonalconsumerdemandhasrespectivelyreacheverthelevelin2001,thecoverageoffixedtelephonesandmobilephonewentupbynearly100percent,,drasticgrowthwasalsopostedforair-conditioners,-outputtableindicatesthatdemandgrowtharisingfromthestructuralupgradingofpersonalconsum,thegroup’,theexportofelectronicandcommunicationproductsaoftheequipmentofvarioussectors,,therapidchemicalindustryhasdrivenupthedemandforspecialequipmentrequiredbythepetrochemicalsector,andtheaccelerationofelectricityconstruction,thiscategoryasawholehasstillmaintainedafast-growingstan,,nearly50percentoftheproductsofthegeneralmachinerysectorhavebeenusedtomeettheequipmentdemandarisingfrominvestmentsinfixedassets,:ironandsteel(includingmetallurgy,rollingandmetalproducts),nonferrousmetalsandrelatedexcavationsectorThisindustrygroupismadeupofthefastest-growingsectorsofall,wit,themachineryindustryandespeciallythesectorsthatmakegeneralmachineryandspecialequipmenthavebeenthelargestusers,followedbyconstru,,industr,theirgrowt,forexample,,,,wecanestimatethatthestructureupgradingofpersonalhousingconsumptionhascontributedatlea,thecontinuousgrowthinthescopeandquantityoflargesteelstructuresusedfortheconstructionofmunicipalinfrastructurefacilitie:thechemicalindustryThepaceofgrowthoft,theaveragegrowthratewas24percent,whichwasabout3percentagepointshigherthantheoverallindustrialgro,thec,,thechemicalindustry’sfas,italsohasha,plasticproducts,chemicalproductsofdailyuse,andvariousmaterialsusedforhousingdecorationcontributedabout20percenttothegrowthofthefinaldemandofchemicalproductsasestimatedinthe2000input-outputtable. 

        ChenXiaohongLiuJunhaiIn2004,theNationalPeoplesCongressdecidedtocarryoncomprehensiverevisaloftheCompanyLawaccordingtoopinionsfromdeputiestotheNationalPeople,and,atthesametime,,’sspecialstudyonthe2004keytopicoftheResearchofChina’sCompanyLawundertakenbytheEnterpriseResearchInstituteofthedevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,thisart-stockcompanytoadopttheformofone-personcompany(namelythecompanywithonlyoneshareholder).Inprinciple,China’scurrentCompanyLawprohibitstheformofone--personcompany,butitallowsofsomeexceptions,ncompanyliesinthebel,whenaninvestorintendstosetupacorporateinordertoreducetheinvestmentriskortodevelopnewbusinesses,thepermissionontheset-upofone-personcompanyispossibletoreducethecompany’,,,,majorcountriesintherestof,therehavebeenfewobjectionsontheset-upoflimitedliabilitycompanies,,anditsmostimportantdiffere,theredoesnotexisttemintothejoint-stockcompanyandtogopublicwithoutacquiringspecialapproval,andformajorstockholdersinthelistedcompanytodelistthecompanyth,orforbetterutilizationofthecapitalmarket,agreatnumberofoverseascompaniesquiteoftenlisttheirrelativelyindependentsubsidiarieswhenthestockpricegoesup,siblycausedbyset-upofone-personcompany,werequirecorrespondingadjustmentontheCompany"uncoveringthecompanyveil".’swaysofcontributionThepresentCompanyLawhasenumeratedfivepermittedwaysofcontribution(currency,materialobject,industrialproperty,non-patentedtechnologyandlanduseright).,,suchdiversewaysof"independent,negotiable,price-able,andotherformsonwhichthelawsandregulationsdonothaveprohibitions",thepresentlawsandregulatingrights,’slegislationexperience,namely,ainties,’strans-investmentlimitsinthecurrentCompanyLawThe12tharticleinthecurrentCompanyLawhadstipulatedthelimitationonthecompany’strans-investmentvalue,namelytheaccumulationinvestmentvaluesshouldnotsurpass50%ofthiscompany’’spropertycontrolandindependentmanagementbehavior,trans-investmentmustsubmittothecompany’,itismerelyaquestionofformtransformationofthecompany’sasset,whichaffectsbothabilityanddegreeofthecashrealizationofassets,andw’sjudgmenton,thecreditormayrequesttoexaminethecreditoftheparentcompanyanditsimportantsubsidiarycompanies,andatthesametime,mayrequesttomakel,iftheydislikethecompanytomaketrans-investment,thegeneralshareholdersmaybeforehandlimitorprohibitthecompanytocarryoutoversizedtrans-investmentinthecompany’sarticlesofassociation,ormayclearlydefinethatthecompanyshouldall’strans-investmentactivitydoesnotnecessarilyincreaseashareholder’sinvestmentrisks,’strans-investmentprojectprovedtobesuccessful,,ourcountry,mostoftheenterprisesstriphighqualitypropertyfromtheoriginalonestothenewlyset-upjoint-stockcompanies,alreadybreakingthroughtheproportionof50%.Oursuggestionistoloosenthislimitation,andatthesametimetoconsummatesuchsystemsasinformationdisclosure,mutuallystock-holdinglimitation(forinstance,tolimittheshareholdingproportionofsubsidiarycompanyintheparentcompanyanditsrelatedresolutionpower)andsoon,toreducesnegativeinfluencespossiblycausedbytrans-investment.ZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.龍門体育官方app 


        ,growingprosperityofthemainindustriesinChina’dents’consumptionstructurehavegenerallyshownamomentumofrapidgrowth,suchasautomobilemanufacturing,,,industriesthataredirectlyboundntainahigherlevelofprosperityandthereisfurtherspaceforthegrowth;,developmentoftheindustriesdirectlyrelatedtotheupgradingofconsumptionstructure,electroniccomponentsmanufacturingindustryandpapermakingandp,withtherapiddevelopmentoftheconsumergoodsindustries,driveofthedemandsintheupstreammanufacturingindustriesaswellasthedriveoftherelevantinvestmentwillbefurtherstrengthenedin2004;ontheotherhand,paceofglobalmanufacturingindustrymovingtoChinaiscontinua,thetrendofChina’industriesaschemicalindustry,mechanicalindustry,ironandsteelindustry,non-ferrousmetalsindus,andthefeatureof"heavyindustries",demandforenergiesandrawmaterialscausedbytherapiddevelopmentofheavyindustriesoncegaverisetoatensesituationofsupplyshortageintheareaofsteelproducts,rawmaterialsforchemicalindustryandelectricpower,andresultedinsoaringpricesformeansofproduction,,pricesoftheresourceproductsininternationalmarketwentup,sicenergiesandrawmaterials,suchasironore,,asitishardtospeedupremarkablythesupplyofrawmaterialsandtheexpansionofproductioncapacityoftheupstreamindustriesinashortperiodoftime,plustheproduction-limitingadjustmentbypartofthecountriesinconsiderationoftheresourceshortage,thereislittlepossibilityforevidentimproveme,pricesforrawmaterialswillremainatahigherl,ironandsteelindustry,petrochemicalindustry,rubbermanufacturi,computermanufacturingindustryandelectroniccomponentsanddevicesmanecomeprominentlyfierce,thepricesofcommunicationequipmenthavedroppeddrastically,thusleavingtheprospectsforthere,forecastshaveshownthat,undertheinfluenceoftheinvestmentcycleofthetelecommunicationsindustry,thecommunicationequipmentmanufacturingindustryislikelytoshowaowthofexportoverrecenttwoyearshasmadeChinaacountryltradebarrierstobeencounteredbyChina-madeproductswillincreasebydegreesandwillbringalotofnegativeinfluencesonChina’ustry,chemicalrawmaterialmanufacturingindustryandpartofdomesticelectricappliancesmanufacturingindustrChenXiaohongLiuJunhaiIn2004,theNationalPeoplesCongressdecidedtocarryoncomprehensiverevisaloftheCompanyLawaccordingtoopinionsfromdeputiestotheNationalPeople,and,atthesametime,,’sspecialstudyonthe2004keytopicoftheResearchofChina’sCompanyLawundertakenbytheEnterpriseResearchInstituteofthedevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,thisart-stockcompanytoadopttheformofone-personcompany(namelythecompanywithonlyoneshareholder).Inprinciple,China’scurrentCompanyLawprohibitstheformofone--personcompany,butitallowsofsomeexceptions,ncompanyliesinthebel,whenaninvestorintendstosetupacorporateinordertoreducetheinvestmentriskortodevelopnewbusinesses,thepermissionontheset-upofone-personcompanyispossibletoreducethecompany’,,,,majorcountriesintherestof,therehavebeenfewobjectionsontheset-upoflimitedliabilitycompanies,,anditsmostimportantdiffere,theredoesnotexisttemintothejoint-stockcompanyandtogopublicwithoutacquiringspecialapproval,andformajorstockholdersinthelistedcompanytodelistthecompanyth,orforbetterutilizationofthecapitalmarket,agreatnumberofoverseascompaniesquiteoftenlisttheirrelativelyindependentsubsidiarieswhenthestockpricegoesup,siblycausedbyset-upofone-personcompany,werequirecorrespondingadjustmentontheCompany"uncoveringthecompanyveil".’swaysofcontributionThepresentCompanyLawhasenumeratedfivepermittedwaysofcontribution(currency,materialobject,industrialproperty,non-patentedtechnologyandlanduseright).,,suchdiversewaysof"independent,negotiable,price-able,andotherformsonwhichthelawsandregulationsdonothaveprohibitions",thepresentlawsandregulatingrights,’slegislationexperience,namely,ainties,’strans-investmentlimitsinthecurrentCompanyLawThe12tharticleinthecurrentCompanyLawhadstipulatedthelimitationonthecompany’strans-investmentvalue,namelytheaccumulationinvestmentvaluesshouldnotsurpass50%ofthiscompany’’spropertycontrolandindependentmanagementbehavior,trans-investmentmustsubmittothecompany’,itismerelyaquestionofformtransformationofthecompany’sasset,whichaffectsbothabilityanddegreeofthecashrealizationofassets,andw’sjudgmenton,thecreditormayrequesttoexaminethecreditoftheparentcompanyanditsimportantsubsidiarycompanies,andatthesametime,mayrequesttomakel,iftheydislikethecompanytomaketrans-investment,thegeneralshareholdersmaybeforehandlimitorprohibitthecompanytocarryoutoversizedtrans-investmentinthecompany’sarticlesofassociation,ormayclearlydefinethatthecompanyshouldall’strans-investmentactivitydoesnotnecessarilyincreaseashareholder’sinvestmentrisks,’strans-investmentprojectprovedtobesuccessful,,ourcountry,mostoftheenterprisesstriphighqualitypropertyfromtheoriginalonestothenewlyset-upjoint-stockcompanies,alreadybreakingthroughtheproportionof50%.Oursuggestionistoloosenthislimitation,andatthesametimetoconsummatesuchsystemsasinformationdisclosure,mutuallystock-holdinglimitation(forinstance,tolimittheshareholdingproportionofsubsidiarycompanyintheparentcompanyanditsrelatedresolutionpower)andsoon,toreducesnegativeinfluencespossiblycausedbytrans-investment. 

      龍門体育官方appSincethecurrentroundofglobaldecelerationofeconomicgrowthhasresultedfrommarketsurplusofITproducts,’scase,however,exportsoftraditionalproductsslackened,withthegrowthrateoftextilerawmaterialsandtextileproducts,shoes,headwear,%%,andthatofsomete,thetradeofelectro-machineryandhi-techproductswasextremelybrisk,%%eformofprocessingtrade,theirgrowingindicatesthatthegrowthoftheaggregatevolumeofChina’stradeandtheimprovementofstructureisipalitiesintheWesternRegionandBigFallofExportsintheSouthernandtheNortheasternReg,forinstance,%;Jiangsu,%;andShanghai,14%.%growth;Qinghai,%;andGansu,%.Whathasbeeneye-catching,however,isthatgrowthofexportsinth,-%.GuangdongProvince,whichcontributesonethirdtoChina’sexports,%,acityinGuangdongProvince,%torinthesubstantialdecelerationofthegrowthspeedofChina’,andInitialSuccessinTappingNewMarketsItisapparentthatChina’sex,China’sexportstoJapan,EuropeandtheUnitedStates,threeofitsmajorexportmarkets,%,9%%,China’,theChineseGovernmentandtheChineseenterpriseshavemadevigorouseffortstoop’sexportstoAfricaandLatinAmerica,forinstance,stoodat21%%’%%onservicesontheChinesemainland,Hong’sSituationinForeignTradeThecharacteristicsofChina’sforeigntradeintheyear2001,asdescribedabove,haveresultedfromthejointactionofmanyfactors,includingthefollowingbasicfactors:Firstofall,,,’,andbecomeamajorfactortoblamefortheslowdownofChina’’sexportsareexecutedintheformofprocessingtrade,slowdownofexportshasresultedinaslowergrowthofimportsintheformofprocessingtrade....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo080,2002Fordiversevariablesincludingthestagesofeconomicdevelopment,competitivenessofenterprises,thesituationofinternationalpayments,linkswithregionalintegration,andforeignpolicies,differentcountriesadoptpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadwithdifferentobjectives,,policiesonencouraginginvestmentabroadcanbeclassifiedasinformationandtechnicalassistance,financialsupportandinvestmentinsurance,financialsupport,’scurrentpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadandtheirevaluationAsacountryexercisingforeignexchangecontrol,Chinah,however,ithasgraduallyloosenedcontroloverinvestmentinsomespecialfieldsinforeigncountriesina,therewasevenahightideofinvesicreturnsfromanoverallpointofview,however,,ChinaimplementedthestrategyofencouragingenterprisestoengageinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChina,whichaimedatincreasingexports(processingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChinareferstothepracticeofinternationaleconomicandtradecooperationbyspurringandincreasingexportofChineseequipment,technology,componentpartsandrawmaterialsthroughengagementofChineseenterprisesinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassembly,usingtechnologyandequipmentasmajoritemsofinvestment),(1)CurrentsituationInformationserviceonoverseasinvestmentcomesmainlyfromChineseembassiesinforeigncountries,andtheinformationcoversmainlythemacroeconomyandmarketdemandinforeigncountries,,suchasthemediaincludingtheInternationalBusinessNewspaperandtheofficial,especiallythoseapplyingfortheCentralForeignTradeDevelopmentFunds,foreign-aidfunds,joint-ventureandcooperativeprojectsfundsofforeignaid,itisrequiredintheproceedingsofapplicationthatassessmentopinionsbeprovidedbythecommercialofficeoftheChineseembassiesconcernedsoastoprovideinformationabouttheprojectsinthecondEconomicCooperationhaveformulatedandpromulgatedthe(FirstBatchof)CatalogsofProductsEncouragedbytheStatetoBeProcessedorAssembledabroadwithChineseMaterials,andarenowworkingontheDatabankofProjectsofProcessingandAssemblyabroadwithChineseMaterialsandwillpublishitat,theChineseGovernmenthastriedtoincludenegotiationsoninves’98XiamenInternationalTradeandInvestmentFairheldin2001,forinstance,nmicandTradeCommissi,forinstance,providesasubsidyofRMB100,000everyyeartocompensateforcostsoffront-endstudiesandclear-upofsitesforprocessingandassemblyproductsabroadwithChinesematerials.(2)BriefcommentsAlthoughtheChineseGovernmenthasbeenprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestmentforquitealongtime,,theinformationitcollectsisfragmentalandscrappybecaus,thevalueofquitealotofinformationit,t,forinstance,privateoverseasinvestmentcompaniesaremainlyresponsibleforprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestment,,however,,therearenoauthorizedorunifiedchannelsforthereleaseofinformation,asituationattributabletotheabs,,suchasorganizationofdelegationstomakeinspectiontoursandconclusionofagreementsondevelopmentofindustrialparkswithinvestinghosts,hasbeenconductedbyonlyaverysmallnumberoflocalgovernmentsinChina,,(1)CurrentpoliciesonfinancialincentivesChinaprovidesthefollowingfinancialsupporttoChineseenterprisesengaginginprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerials:First,ChinesebanksareallowedtoragEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterials,itisstipulatedthatcommercialbanksandtheimportandexportbanksmaylendlong,mediumandshort-termloanstoenterprisesqualifiedtotakenlyforpurchasingequipmentandtechnologyforbuildingfac(includingoneyear)shallbeusedmainlyforpurchasingrawmaterialsandcomponentpartsfromab,,,thebanksmayadoptvariouswaysandmethodstosupportdevel,sforEncouragingEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterialsthattheinterestratesforloanstosuchprojectsetbytheStateiftheborrowersareexcellentincreditabilityandmanagement,ortheprojectspjoyinterestsubsnessesofProcessingandAssemblingAbroadwithChineseMaterialsformulatedjointlybytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,StateEconomicandTradeCommissionandtheMinistryofFinancethatenterprisestakingupbusinessesofprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerialsmayreceivepreferentialloansofaforeign-aidtype,whicharelongandmedium-termloansishedbythePeople’sBanrestforForeignExchangeLoansBorrowedbyEnterprisesEngagedinProcessingTradeAbroadasWorkingCapital,jointlypromulgatedbytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,theMinistryofFinance,theStateEconomicandTradeCommission,thePeople’sBankofChina,andtheStateAdministrationofForeignExchange,thatthebankslendingtheapprovedforeignexchangeloanstoenterprisesengagedinprocessingtradeabroadshallcalculatetheinterestsatnormalrates,withtheForeignTradeDevelopmentFundprovidinganannual2percentagepointinterestsubsidyfortheseloans....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,someimportantdevelopmentshavetakenplaceinstructurala,theautomobileandthehousingindustrieswcommercialhousingremainedover20%.FromJanuarytoJulyin2001,,%,theproportionofsalesofcommercialhousingtoprivateownerstookup85%,whilethegrowthofdemandforprivatehousingbec,thegrowthintheincomesoftheautomobileindustryroseevenhigherto25%,whichwasonlynexttotha,theautomobilepartsmanufacturingsectorachievedanevenfasterincreaseandmaintainedagrowthrateofover40%,th,%;%%respectively,,thecomparativeadvantageofcerta,internationalmulti-nationalcorporati,thePhilipsElectronicGroupmoveditsentiremobilephonemanufacturingcapacitytothejointventureinShenzhen,sShanghaibaseto14millionnextyear,sChinamanu,angeexpressedtheintentiontomovethemanufacturingbaseselsewhere,while70%,thegrowthrateofthe,thesalesincomeofthecoalindustryhasgrownby15%,cceleratedgrowthofthehighenergy-consumingheavyindustryandrawmaterialsindustry,aswellasthefluctuatinginternationaloilprices,,suchastheconstructionindustry,themachineryindustry,thelightindustryandtheautomobileindustry,aswellastheincreaseininternationaldemandforsteel,,,,som,Zhejiang,Anhui,Shanghai,Hebei,Sichuan,rovinceandextendedthereformexperiencefromsmalltownshipstolargecities,eholdsandnon-agriculturalhouseholdsandadoptaprincipleofac,adoptedaregistrationsystembasedonresidentialareasand,themostimportantaretheemergingleadingroleofthehousingandtheautomobileindustries,thetransferoftheinternationa,China’sexportgrowthdecreasedasaresultoftheslow-downofinternationaleconomicgrowth,’,,therefore,,expansionofdomesticdemandshouldbecon,,China’seconomystillremainsinthedual-structuralstagewithsignificantdif,expandtheoveralleconomicscaleandpromotethetransferoffarmerstonon-agriculturalsectorstoraisetheirincomes,andthencreatemarketsforalargenum,theslowgrowthoffarmers’non-agriculturalsectorsandcities,whichiscausedbytheconstr,thepriorityinupgradingtheconsumption,theleadingrolesofthehousingandautomobileindustrieshavejustemergedthereon....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.


        ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.Notes:(1),(3),(2),(5)and(7)representpercentagevs.(1);(4),(6)and(8)representproportionvs.(2).Datasources:STATEMENTOFBALANCEOFPAYMENTSbySAFEDuringthe1982-1999period,foreigncapitalreceiptsandpayments(balance),,%,China’scapitalsinflowisinnetterms,andthehugesurplusofforeigncapitalreceiptsandpay,FDIinChinarepresentsthelargestelementforitssurplus,,accountingfor81%,FDIisnotonlythegreatestelementforthesurplusofforeigncapitalreceiptsandpaymentsbutalsothebaseforasustainedsurplusofFDIforalongtime,contributingagreatdealtothegeneralsurplusofChina,anetincreaseisshowninChinasoverseasissuanceofequitysecuritiesandbonds,indi,duringthe1982-1999periodthenetin,%ofthesurplusofforeigncapitals,an,however,adeficitwasrecordedduringthe1996-1999period,mainlyduetoadrasticfallinthesurplusofliabilitiesofsecuritiesinvestmentinthatperiod,,therefore,thatliabilitiesofsecuritiesinvestmentasonesourceofforeigncapitalhavealimitedstimulativeroleinachievi,%ofthebalanceofallforeigncapitalreceiptsandpayments,%ofthetotalsurplusinthebalanceofcapitalreceiptsandpayments,(-),however,,thesurplusofotherinv%ofthatofforeigncapitalsandbeingoneofthethreegr,anditspercentageinthesurplusofforeigncapitalsreducedto45%.Andduringthe1996-1999periodthesurplusofliabilitiesismuchsmallerthanthesurplusofassetsinsize,withitspercentageinthebalanceofforeigncapitalreceiptsandpaymentsfallingto5-6%.Thatmeans,duringtheabove-mentionedtwoperiods,theroleofo,becauseotherinvestmentasaformofintroducingforeigncapitalisusuallysmallerthantheincreaseofassetsinsize,,otherinvestmentisanuncertainfactoraffectingthebalanceofforeigncapitalsandcapitalaccountswhenforeigncapitals(mainlytrade-relatedcredits)areutilizedinsuchform,anditsdrasticdecreaseintimesofuncertaineconomicgrowthmorethanoftengivesrisetoadeficitinotherinvestmentreceiptsandpaymentsandeveninthebalanceofcapitalaccounts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.龍門体育官方app 

       
       

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